Citation: Bounds, A.M. (2021). The rise of prepping in New York City: Community resilience and Covid-19. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 86(1),31-41.
The COVID-19 pandemic’s brutal impact on New York City has laid bare the social inequalities and injustices of living in a global capital. To better understand urban prepping as a process for helping communities to plan and respond to disaster, this analysis draws on Faulkner, Brown, and Quinn’s (2018) framework of five capacities for community resilience: place attachment; leadership; knowledge and learning; community networks; and community cohesion and efficacy. Given the New York City’s Prepper’s Network mission to acquire preparedness skills, knowledge and learning were core principals of the group it was found that community cohesion was reinforced throughout preparedness training as group members learned to develop their individual skills and to rely on one another. This research also points to the need to develop disaster management approaches that can expand the traditional “command and control” models while making space for local knowledge and resources only works to increase community resilience.
Aldrich, D. P., & Meyer, M. A. (2014). Social capital and community resilience. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(2), 254–269. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764214550299
Amandolare, S., Gallagher, L., Bowles, J., & Dvorkin, E. (2020). Under threat & left out: NYC’s immigrants and the coronavirus crisis. Retrieved from Center for an Urban Future website: https://nycfuture.org/research/under-threat-and-left-out
Amundsen, H. (2013). Place attachment as a driver of adaptation in coastal communities in northern Norway. Local Environment, 20(3), 257–276. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2013.838751
Brown, K., & Westaway, E. (2011). Agency, capacity, and resilience to environmental change: Lessons from human development, well-being, and disasters. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36(1), 321–342. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-052610-092905
Charles, J., & American Preppers Network. (2014). Emergency bag essentials: Everything you need to bug out. New York: Potter Style.
Chaskin, R. J. (2008). Resilience, community, and resilient communities: Conditioning contexts and collective action. Child Care in Practice, 14(1), 65–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/13575270701733724
Consoer, M., & Milman, A. (2016). The dynamic process of social capital during recovery from Tropical Storm Irene in Vermont. Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, 84(1), 155–174. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2412-z
Department of Homeland Security. (2019). Shelter. Retrieved from Ready website: https://www.ready.gov/shelter
Faulkner, L., Brown, K., & Quinn, T. (2018). Analyzing community resilience as an emergent property of dynamic social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.5751/es-09784-230124
Gallo, C. (2020, April 30). Both Bill Gates and Andrew Cuomo chose a single quote to describe the Covid-19 pandemic. Retrieved from Inc website: https://www.inc.com/carmine-gallo/both-bill-gates-andrew-cuomo-chose-a-single-quote-to-describe-covid-19-pandemic.html
Gill, P. R., & Temple, E. C. (2014). Walking the ﬁne line between ﬁeldwork success and failure: Advice for new ethnographers. Journal of Research Practice, 10(1), 1–13.
Grint, K. (2005). Leadership: Limits and Possibilities. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Holloway, I., & Galvin, K. (2016). Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare (4th ed.). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Hughes, R. L., Ginnett, R. C., & Curphy, G. J. (1999). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience. Boston: Irwin/Mcgraw Hill.
Kerr, S. (2018). Social capital as a determinant of resilience: Implications for adaptation policy. In Z. Zommers & K. Alverson (Eds.), Resilience: The science of adaptation to climate change. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
LaLone, M. B. (2012). Neighbors helping neighbors: An examination of the social capital mobilization process for community resilience to environmental disasters. Journal of Applied Social Science, 6(2), 209–237.
Lewicka, M. (2011). Place attachment: How far have we come in the last 40 years? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31(3), 207–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001
Maclean, K., Cuthill, M., & Ross, H. (2013). Six attributes of social resilience. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(1), 144–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2013.763774
Magis, K. (2010). Community resilience: An indicator of social sustainability. Society & Natural Resources, 23(5), 401–416. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920903305674
Majchrzak, A., Jarvenpaa, S. L., & Hollingshead, A. B. (2007). Coordinating expertise among emergent groups responding to disasters. Organization Science, 18(1), 147–161. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1060.0228
Marshall, N. A. (2007). Can policy perception influence social resilience to policy change? Fisheries Research, 86(2-3), 216–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2007.06.008
Mathbor, G. M. (2007). Enhancement of community preparedness for natural disasters: The role of social work in building social capital for sustainable disaster relief and management. International Social Work, 50(3), 357–369. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872807076049
McKinley, J. C., & Santora, M. (2016). 5 arrested in connection with east village gas explosion. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/12/nyregion/5-arrested-in-connection-with-east-village-gas-explosion.html
Mills, M. F. (2018). Preparing for the unknown… unknowns: “doomsday” prepping and disaster risk anxiety in the United States. Journal of Risk Research, 22(10), 1267–1279. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2018.1466825
Mueller, B., Rashbaum, W. K., & Baker, A. (2017). Terror attack kills 8 and injures 11 in Manhattan. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/31/nyregion/police-shooting-lower-manhattan.html
National Bureau of Economic Research. (2010). Business cycle dating committee report. Retrieved from National Bureau of Economic Research website: https://www.nber.org/cycles/sept2010.html
New York City Department of Health. (2019). Zika Virus – NYC Health. Retrieved April 2, 2021, from New York City Department of Health website: https://www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/health/health-topics/zika-virus.page
New York City Health Department. (2020). COVID-19: Data – NYC Health. Retrieved from New York City Health Department website: https://www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/covid/covid-19-data.page
New York City Prepper’s Network. (2019). New York City Prepper’s Network (APN Chapter) (New York, NY). Retrieved from Meetup website: https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Preppers-Network/
New York State Department of Labor. (2020). Labor force and unemployment data. Retrieved from New York State Department of Labor website: https://www.labor.ny.gov/stats/LSLAUS.shtm
Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2007). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(1-2), 127–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6
Partnership for New York City. (2020a). A call for action and collaboration. Retrieved from Partnership for New York City website: https://pfnyc.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/actionandcollaboration.pdf
Partnership for New York City. (2020b). New York City COVID-19 economic impact update. Retrieved from Partnership for New York City website: https://pfnyc.org/research/new-york-city-covid-19-economic-impact-update/
Phillips, B. D., & Fordham, M. (2010). Introduction. In B. D. Phillips, D. S. K. Thomas, A. Fothergill, & L. Blinn-Pike (Eds.), Social Vulnerability to Disasters (pp. 1–26). Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Plodinec, M. J. (2011). Definitions of resilience: An analysis. Retrieved from Community & Regional Resilience Institute website: http://www.resilientus.org/library/CARRI_Definitions_Dec_2009_1262802355.pdf
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The collapse and revival of american community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Quealy, K. (2020). The richest neighborhoods emptied out most as coronavirus hit New York City. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/05/15/upshot/who-left-new-york-coronavirus.html
Rajan, R. (2011). Fault lines: How hidden fractures still threaten the world economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Reinhardt, G. Y. (2015). Imagining worse than reality: Comparing beliefs and intentions between disaster evacuees and survey respondents. Journal of Risk Research, 20(2), 169–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2015.1017827
Schwirtz, M., & Cook, L. R. (2020). These N.Y.C. neighborhoods have the highest rates of virus deaths. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/18/nyregion/coronavirus-deaths-nyc.html
Shear, M. D., Weiland, N., Lipton, E., Haberman, M., & Sanger, D. E. (2020). Inside Trump’s failure: The rush to abandon leadership role on the virus. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/18/us/politics/trump-coronavirus-response-failure-leadership.html
The New York Times. (2020). Tracking every coronavirus case in the U.S.: Full map. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/coronavirus-us-cases.html
Tierney, K. J. (2007). From the margins to the mainstream? Disaster research at the crossroads. Annual Review of Sociology, 33(1), 503–525. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.33.040406.131743
Tuan, Y.-F. (1975). Place: An experiential perspective. Geographical Review, 65(2), 151–165. https://doi.org/10.2307/213970
Webb, G. R. (2018). The cultural turn in disaster research: Understanding resilience and vulnerability through the lens of culture. In H. Rodriquez, W. Donner, & J. E. Trainor (Eds.), Handbook of disaster research. Cham: Springer.
Wilson, G. A. (2012). Community resilience and environmental transitions. New York: Routledge.
Wisner, B., Cannon, T., & Davis, I. (2003). At risk: Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.
Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer, 15(2), 225–249. https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/15.2.225